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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
down



I - noun
1. soft fine feathers (Freq. 1)
Syn:
down feather
Derivationally related forms:
downy
Hypernyms:
feather, plume, plumage
Hyponyms:
duck down, goose down, swan's down, plumule
2. (American football) a complete play to advance the football (Freq. 1)
- you have four downs to gain ten yards
Topics:
American football, American football game
Hypernyms:
turn, play
3. (usually plural) a rolling treeless highland with little soil
Usage Domain:
plural, plural form
Hypernyms:
highland, upland
4. fine soft dense hair (as the fine short hair of cattle or deer or the wool of sheep or the undercoat of certain dogs)
Syn:
pile
Derivationally related forms:
pilary (for: pile), pilous (for: pile), downy
Hypernyms:
hair
Hyponyms:
lanugo

II - verb
1. drink down entirely (Freq. 3)
- He downed three martinis before dinner
- She killed a bottle of brandy that night
- They popped a few beer after work
Syn:
toss off, pop, bolt down, belt down, pour down,
drink down, kill
Hypernyms:
drink, imbibe
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
2. eat immoderately (Freq. 1)
- Some people can down a pound of meat in the course of one meal
Syn:
devour, consume, go through
Derivationally related forms:
devourer (for: devour)
Hypernyms:
eat
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s somebody
- They down more bread
3. bring down or defeat (an opponent) (Freq. 1)
Topics:
sport, athletics
Hypernyms:
get the better of, overcome, defeat
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- The fighter managed to down his opponent
4. shoot at and force to come down
- the enemy landed several of our aircraft
Syn:
shoot down, land
Derivationally related forms:
land (for: land)
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
5. cause to come or go down
- The policeman downed the heavily armed suspect
- The mugger knocked down the old lady after she refused to hand over her wallet
Syn:
knock down, cut down, push down, pull down
Derivationally related forms:
downer
Hypernyms:
strike
Hyponyms:
submarine
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
- The fighter managed to down his opponent
6. improve or perfect by pruning or polishing
- refine one's style of writing
Syn:
polish, refine, fine-tune
Derivationally related forms:
refinement (for: refine), refiner (for: refine), polish (for: polish)
Hypernyms:
better, improve, amend, ameliorate, meliorate
Hyponyms:
overrefine, over-refine, educate, school, train,
cultivate, civilize, civilise
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody

III - adjective
1. being or moving lower in position or less in some value (Freq. 9)
- lay face down
- the moon is down
- our team is down by a run
- down by a pawn
- the stock market is down today
Ant:
up
Similar to:
behind, downbound, downcast, downfield, downward,
fallen, set, thrown, weak
See Also:
descending, low
2. extending or moving from a higher to a lower place (Freq. 2)
- the down staircase
- the downward course of the stream
Syn:
downward
Similar to:
descending
3. becoming progressively lower (Freq. 1)
- the down trend in the real estate market
Similar to:
falling
4. being put out by a strikeout (Freq. 1)
- two down in the bottom of the ninth
Similar to:
out
5. understood perfectly (Freq. 1)
- had his algebra problems down
Syn:
down pat, mastered
Similar to:
perfect
6. lower than previously
- the market is depressed
- prices are down
Syn:
depressed
Similar to:
low
7. shut
- the shades were down
Similar to:
lowered
8. not functioning (temporarily or permanently)
- we can't work because the computer is down
Similar to:
inoperative
9. filled with melancholy and despondency
- gloomy at the thought of what he had to face
- gloomy predictions
- a gloomy silence
- took a grim view of the economy
- the darkening mood
- lonely and blue in a strange city
- depressed by the loss of his job
- a dispirited and resigned expression on her face
- downcast after his defeat
- feeling discouraged and downhearted
Syn:
gloomy, grim, blue, depressed, dispirited,
downcast, downhearted, down in the mouth, low, low-spirited
Similar to:
dejected
Derivationally related forms:
lowness (for: low), downheartedness (for: downhearted), dispiritedness (for: dispirited), gloominess (for: gloomy), low-spiritedness (for: low-spirited)

IV - adverb
1. spatially or metaphorically from a higher to a lower level or position (Freq. 98)
- don't fall down
- rode the lift up and skied down
- prices plunged downward
Syn:
downwards, downward, downwardly
Ant:
upwardly (for: downwardly), upward (for: downward), upwards (for: downwards), up
2. away from a more central or a more northerly place (Freq. 22)
- was sent down to work at the regional office
- worked down on the farm
- came down for the wedding
- flew down to Florida
Ant:
up
3. paid in cash at time of purchase (Freq. 2)
- put ten dollars down on the necklace
4. from an earlier time
- the story was passed down from father to son
5. to a lower intensity
- he slowly phased down the light until the stage was completely black
Ant:
up
6. in an inactive or inoperative state
- the factory went down during the strike
- the computer went down again

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