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Từ điển Oxford Advanced Learner 8th
drive



drive [drive drives drove driving driven] verb, noun BrE [draɪv] NAmE [draɪv]
verb (droveBrE [drəʊv] ; NAmE [droʊv] , drivenBrE [ˈdrɪvn] ; NAmE [ˈdrɪvn] ) 
 
VEHICLE
1. intransitive, transitive to operate a vehicle so that it goes in a particular direction
Can you drive?
Don't drive so fast!
I drove to work this morning.
Shall we drive (= go there by car) or go by train?
~ sth He drives a taxi (= that is his job).
2. transitive ~ sb (+ adv./prep.) to take sb somewhere in a car, taxi, etc
Could you drive me home?
3. transitive ~ sth to own or use a particular type of vehicle
What car do you drive?  
 
MACHINE
4. transitive, usually passive ~ sth to provide the power that makes a machine work
a steam-driven locomotive  
 
MAKE SB DO STH
5. transitive ~ sb (+ adv./prep.) to force sb to act in a particular way
The urge to survive drove them on.
You're driving yourself too hard.
6. transitive to make sb very angry, crazy, etc. or to make them do sth extreme
~ sb + adj. to drive sb crazy/mad/insane
~ sb to do sth Hunger drove her to steal.
~ sb to sth Those kids are driving me to despair.
• (humorous)It's enough to drive you to drink (= to make you start drinking too much alcohol).  
 
MAKE SB/STH MOVE
7. transitive ~ sb/sth + adv./prep. to force sb/sth to move in a particular direction
to drive sheep into a field
The enemy was driven back.  
 
CAUSE STH TO MAKE PROGRESS
8. transitive ~ sth to influence sth or cause it to make progress
This is the main factor driving investment in the area.  
 
HIT/PUSH
9. transitive ~ sth + adv./prep. to force sth to go in a particular direction or into a particular position by pushing it, hitting it, etc
to drive a nail into a piece of wood  
 
MAKE A HOLE
10. transitive ~ sth + adv./prep. to make an opening in or through sth by using force
They drove a tunnel through the solid rock.  
 
IN SPORT
11. transitive, intransitive ~ (sth) (+ adv./prep.) to hit a ball with force, sending it forward
to drive the ball into the rough (= in ↑golf )  
 
WIND/WATER
12. transitive ~ sth (+ adv./prep.) to carry sth along
Huge waves drove the yacht onto the rocks.
13. intransitive (+ adv./prep.) to fall or move rapidly and with great force
The waves drove against the shore.
more at run/drive/work yourself into the ground at ground n., drive/strike a hard bargain at hard adj., needs must (when the devil drives) at need n., as clean, pure, etc. as the driven snow at snow n.
Verb forms:

Word Origin:
Old English drīfan ‘urge (a person or animal) to go forward’, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch drijven and German treiben.

Thesaurus:
drive verb
1. I, T
I learned to drive at 17.
steer • • handle • |BrE manoeuvre • |AmE maneuver
drive/steer/handle/manoeuvre a car
2. I, T
We've driven over 200 miles today.
travel • • go • • come • • do
drive/travel/go/come from/to sth
drive/travel/go/come/do 50 miles/10 kilometres, etc.
drive/travel/come a long distance
3. T (sometimes disapproving)
You're driving yourself too hard.
work • |disapproving overwork • |usually approving push
drive/work/push sb hard
drive/push sb too far/to the limit
drive/work sb into the ground

Collocations:
Driving
Having a car
have/own/ (BrE) run a car
ride a motorcycle/motorbike
drive/prefer/use an automatic/a manual/(NAmE, informal) a stick shift
have/get your car serviced/fixed/repaired
buy/sell a used car/(especially BrE) a second-hand car
take/pass/fail a (BrE) driving test/(both NAmE) driver's test/road test
get/obtain/have/lose/carry a/your (BrE) driving licence/(NAmE) driver's license
Driving
put on/fasten/ (NAmE) buckle/wear/undo your seat belt/safety belt
put/turn/leave the key in the ignition
start the car/engine
(BrE) change/ (NAmE) shift/put sth into gear
press/put your foot on the brake pedal/clutch/accelerator
release the clutch/(especially BrE) the handbrake/(both NAmE) the emergency brake/the parking brake
drive/park/reverse the car
(BrE) indicate left/right
(especially NAmE) signal that you are turning left/right
take/miss (BrE) the turning/(especially NAmE) the turn
apply/hit/slam on the brake(s)
beep/honk/ (especially BrE) toot/ (BrE) sound your horn
Problems and accidents
a car skids/crashes (into sth)/collides (with sth)
swerve to avoid an oncoming car/a pedestrian
crash/lose control of the car
have/be in/be killed in/survive a car crash/a car accident/(NAmE) a car wreck/a hit-and-run
be run over/knocked down by a car/bus/truck
dent/hit (BrE) the bonnet/(NAmE) the hood
break/crack/shatter (BrE) the windscreen/(NAmE) the windshield
blow/ (especially BrE) burst/puncture (BrE) a tyre/(NAmE) a tire
get/have (BrE) a flat tyre/a flat tire/a puncture
inflate/change/fit/replace/check a tyre/tire
Traffic and driving regulations
be caught in/get stuck in/sit in a traffic jam
cause congestion/tailbacks/traffic jams/gridlock
experience/face lengthy delays
beat/avoid the traffic/the rush hour
break/observe/ (NAmE) drive the speed limit
be caught on (BrE) a speed camera
stop sb for/pull sb over for/ (BrE, informal) be done for speeding
(both informal) run/ (BrE) jump a red light/the lights
be arrested for/charged with (BrE) drink-driving/(both US) driving under the influence (DUI)/driving while intoxicated (DWI)
be banned/ (BrE) disqualified from driving

Synonyms:
take
lead • escort • drive • show • walk • guide • usher • direct
These words all mean to go with sb from one place to another.
take • to go with sb from one place to another, for example in order to show them sth or to show them the way to a place: It's too far to walk— I'll take you by car.
lead • to go with or go in front of sb in order to show them the way or to make them go in the right direction: Firefighters led the survivors to safety.
escort • to go with sb in order to protect or guard them or to show them the way: The president arrived, escorted by twelve bodyguards.
drive • to take sb somewhere in a car, taxi, etc: My mother drove us to the airport.
show • to take sb to a particular place, in the right direction, or along the correct route: The attendant showed us to our seats.
walk • to go somewhere with sb on foot, especially in order to make sure that they get there safely; to take an animal, especially a dog, for a walk or make an animal walk somewhere: He always walked her home. Have you walked the dog yet today?
guide • to show sb the way to a place, often by going with them; to show sb a place that you know well: She guided us through the busy streets. We were guided around the museums.
usher • (rather formal) to politely take or show sb where they should go, especially within a building: She ushered her guests to their seats.
direct • (rather formal) to tell or show sb how to get somewhere or where to go: A young woman directed them to the station.
to take/lead/escort/drive/show/walk/guide/usher/direct sb to/out of/into sth
to take/lead/escort/drive/show/walk/guide sb around/round
to take/lead/escort/drive/walk sb home
to take/lead/escort/guide sb to safety
to lead/show the way

Example Bank:
He was arrested for driving recklessly.
I'll drive you home.
She drove quickly back to the office.
She got into the car and drove away.
We drove from Quebec to Ottawa.
You shouldn't drive so fast!
driving from London to Manchester
Driving lessons can be expensive.
Have you ever driven a racing car?
He drives a taxi.
He took a wooden peg and drove it into the ground.
Hunger drove them to steal.
I asked the man to drive me home.
I learned to drive when I was 25.
It's enough to drive you to drink.
It's the story of a teenager driven to despair by the hypocrisy of the adult world.
My mother drove us to the airport.
Shall we drive or go by train?
Someone had driven a nail deep into the wood.
The knife had been driven through his heart.
They run a driving school in Birmingham.
They were driven to an unknown place in the hills.
They're intending to drive from Seattle down to San Diego.
We drove the rest of the way in silence.
We must have driven over 600 kilometres today.
What type of car do you drive?
You need a special licence to drive a heavy goods vehicle.
You're driving yourself too hard.
Idioms:drive a coach and horses through something drive something home what somebody is driving at
Derived:drive away drive off drive on drive somebody away drive somebody off drive somebody out drive something up
 
noun  
 
IN/OF VEHICLE
1. countable a journey in a car or other vehicle
Let's go for a drive.
a drive through the mountains
It's a three-hour drive to London.
2. countable, uncountable the equipment in a vehicle that takes power from the engine to the wheels
the drive shaft
a car with four-wheel drive
a left-/right-hand drive car (= a car where the driver and the controls are on the left/right)  
 
OUTSIDE HOUSE
3. (also drive·way)countable a wide hard path or a private road that leads from the street to a house
There were two cars parked in/on the drive.  
 
EFFORT
4. countable an organized effort by a group of people to achieve sth
a recruitment/export/economy drive
~ for sth a drive for greater efficiency
~ to do sth the government's drive to reduce energy consumption  
 
DESIRE/ENERGY
5. countable, uncountable a strong desire or need in people
a strong sexual drive
6. uncountable (approving)a strong desire to do things and achieve sth; great energy
He'll do very well— he has tremendous drive.  
 
IN SPORT
7. countable a long hard hit or kick
She has a strong forehand drive (= in ↑tennis ).
He scored with a brilliant 25-yard drive.  
 
COMPUTING
8. countable the part of a computer that reads and stores information on disks or tapes
a 750GB hard drive
a CD drive
see also disk drive  
 
GAMES
9. countable (BrE)a social occasion when a lot of people compete in a game such as ↑whist or ↑bingo  
 
ANIMALS/ENEMY
10. countable an act of chasing animals or the enemy and making them go into a smaller area, especially in order to kill or capture them  
 
ROAD
11. Drive (abbr.Dr)used in the names of roads
21 Island Heights Drive

Word Origin:
Old English drīfan ‘urge (a person or animal) to go forward’, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch drijven and German treiben.

Thesaurus:
drive noun C
We went out for a drive.
ride • |BrE lift
a drive/ride/lift from/to sth
a drive/ride/lift back/home
take/go on/go for a drive/ride
give sb/hitch a ride/lift

Synonyms:
campaign
battle • struggle • drive • war • fight
These are all words for an effort made to achieve or prevent sth.
campaign • a series of planned activities that are intended to achieve a particular social, commercial or political aim: the campaign for parliamentary reform an advertising campaign
battle • a competition or argument between people or groups of people trying to win power or control: She finally won the legal battle for compensation. the endless battle between man and nature
struggle • a competition or argument between people or groups of people trying to win power or control: the struggle for independence the struggle between good and evil
battle or struggle?
A struggle is always about things that seem absolutely necessary, such as life and death or freedom. A battle can also be about things that are not absolutely necessary, just desirable, or about the pleasure of winning: the battle/struggle between good and evil ◇ a legal struggle for compensation ◇ a struggle of wills/wits.
drive • an organized effort by a group of people to achieve sth: the drive for greater efficiency a drive to reduce energy consumption
campaign or drive?
A campaign is usually aimed at getting other people to do sth; a drive may be an attempt by people to get themselves to do sth: From today, we're going on an economy drive (= we must spend less) . A campaign may be larger, more formal and more organized than a drive.
war • [sing.] an effort over a long period of time to get rid of or stop sth bad: the war against crime
fight • [sing.] the work of trying to stop or prevent sth bad or achieve sth good; an act of competing, especially in a sport: Workers won their fight to stop compulsory redundancies.
war or fight?
A war is about stopping things, like drugs and crime, that everyone agrees are bad. A fight can be about achieving justice for yourself.
a campaign/battle/struggle/drive/war/fight against sth
a campaign/battle/struggle/drive/fight for sth
a one-man/one-woman/personal campaign/battle/struggle/war
a bitter campaign/battle/struggle/drive/war/fight
to launch/embark on a campaign/battle/drive
to lead/continue the campaign/battle/struggle/drive/fight
to win/lose a battle/struggle/war/fight

Example Bank:
A lack of narrative drive leaves the reader with piecemeal vignettes.
A number of police cars blocked the drive.
All my family live within an hour's drive.
Cole scored with a thunderous left-foot drive.
He hit a line drive straight at me.
He lacks the competitive drive needed to succeed.
He pulled into a long drive leading up to a large villa.
He walked up the front drive of the vicarage.
It's a pleasant drive to the coast.
It's one of the most scenic drives in Europe.
Left-hand drive cars make driving in Britain difficult.
Let's go for a drive.
The Popular Front spearheaded the drive for independence.
The lakes are only a short drive away.
The spots will run during drive time radio.
There was a car parked on the drive.
We organized a food drive for the city's homeless shelters.
We're going to launch a big recruitment drive in the autumn.
You need to inject more narrative drive into the story.
a drive against corruption
a drive towards higher safety standards
a forehand drive down the line
a housing development within a 30-minute drive time from the airport
the country's drive for modernization
the recent recruitment drive by the police
From today, we're going on an economy drive.
He offered to take me for a drive later in the day.
He played a crucial role in the drive for greater efficiency.
He was tired after the long drive home.
He'll do very well— he has tremendous drive.
I took the car for a test drive.
She is leading the recruitment drive.
The beach is a 20-minute drive away.
The government has launched a drive to reduce energy consumption.
The treatment should not affect your sex drive or fertility.
We have this insatiable drive to be successful in the markets we serve.
We went for a drive along the coast.

 
See also:driveway

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