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Từ điển Oxford Learners Wordfinder Dictionary
alter



verb
1. cause to change;
make different;
cause a transformation (Freq. 26)
- The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city
- The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue
Syn:
change, modify
Derivationally related forms:
modifiable (for: modify), modification (for: modify), alterable, alteration, changer (for: change), change (for: change)
Hyponyms:
awaken, wake, waken, rouse, wake up,
arouse, cause to sleep, affect, refresh, freshen, refreshen,
inseminate, fecundate, fertilize, fertilise, indispose, cry,
etiolate, shade, brutalize, brutalise, animalize, animalise,
convert, opalize, opalise, arterialize, arterialise, make,
get, counterchange, transpose, interchange, vascularize, vascularise,
decrepitate, suburbanize, suburbanise, revolutionize, revolutionise, overturn,
barbarize, barbarise, alkalinize, alkalinise, mythologize, mythologise,
mythicize, mythicise, allegorize, allegorise, demythologize, demythologise,
bring, land, coarsen, impact, bear upon, bear on,
touch on, touch, alchemize, alchemise, alcoholize, alcoholise,
shape, form, round off, round down, round out, round,
suspend, sober, reconstruct, increase, ease up, ease off,
let up, assimilate, dissimilate, commute, exchange, vitalize,
vitalise, unclutter, clear, activate, aerate, inactivate,
deactivate, deaden, blunt, remodel, redo, edit,
redact, cut, edit out, tame, chasten, subdue,
moderate, temper, better, improve, amend, ameliorate,
meliorate, worsen, aggravate, exacerbate, exasperate, wet,
dry, dry out, lubricate, strengthen, beef up, fortify,
spike, lace, weaken, oxidize, oxidise, oxidate,
unite, unify, merge, age, ripen, mature,
antique, antiquate, develop, make grow, soften, damage,
ossify, acerbate, stabilize, stabilise, destabilize, destabilise,
sensitize, sensitise, sensify, sensibilize, sensibilise, desensitize,
desensitise, habituate, accustom, disorder, disarray, discolor,
color, colorize, colorise, colourise, colourize, colour,
color in, colour in, stain, hue, uglify, untune,
adjust, set, correct, disqualify, unfit, domesticate,
domesticize, domesticise, reclaim, widen, dehydrogenate, hydrogenate,
oxygenize, oxygenise, darken, brighten, lighten up, lighten,
blur, blear, obscure, bedim, overcloud, blot out,
obliterate, veil, hide, cook, slenderize, slenderise,
crack, dissolve, dismiss, end, terminate, demist,
defog, condense, concentrate, contract, cool, chill,
cool down, heat, heat up, warm, boil, freeze,
blister, switch, change over, shift, transform, transmute,
transubstantiate, ash, translate, reform, regenerate, rectify,
Islamize, Islamise, turn back, invert, reverse, customize,
customise, personalize, personalise, individualize, individualise, depersonalize,
depersonalise, objectify, sharpen, flatten, drop, disintegrate,
magnetize, magnetise, demagnetize, demagnetise, degauss, simplify,
complicate, refine, rarify, elaborate, perplex, supercharge,
pressurize, pressurise, centralize, centralise, decentralize, deconcentrate,
decentralise, socialize, socialise, fix, prepare, set up,
ready, gear up, internationalize, internationalise, communize, communise,
bolshevize, bolshevise, Europeanize, Europeanise, bestialize, bestialise,
Americanize, Americanise, Frenchify, civilize, civilise, nationalize,
nationalise, denationalize, denationalise, naturalize, naturalise, denaturalize,
denaturalise, even, even out, equal, match, equalize,
equalise, equate, stiffen, loosen, loose, tighten,
fasten, transitivize, transitivise, detransitivize, detransitivise, intransitivize,
intransitivise, thicken, inspissate, full, diversify, decelerate,
slow down, accelerate, speed, speed up, check, retard,
delay, decrease, lessen, minify, liquefy, liquify,
liquidize, liquidise, solvate, validate, invalidate, void,
vitiate, empty, fill, fill up, make full, saturate,
clot, coagulate, louden, normalize, normalise, renormalize,
renormalise, morph, neutralize, neutralise, commercialize, commercialise,
market, purify, purge, sanctify, mechanize, mechanise,
automatize, automatise, automate, harmonize, harmonise, chord,
polarize, polarise, glorify, contaminate, devalue, insulate,
calcify, urbanize, urbanise, emulsify, demulsify, decarboxylate,
nazify, clarify, embrittle, mark, nick, disable,
disenable, incapacitate, enable, de-emphasize, de-emphasise, destress,
tender, tenderize, tenderise, charge, bubble, sweeten,
iodinate, ionate, archaize, archaise, inform, officialize,
officialise, occidentalize, occidentalise, westernize, westernise, orientalize,
orientalise, acetylate, acetylize, acetylise, achromatize, achromatise,
parallel, collimate, camp, classicize, classicise, conventionalize,
conventionalise, decimalize, decimalise, dizzy, poison, envenom,
exteriorize, exteriorise, externalize, externalise, glamorize, glamourise,
glamourize, glamorise, introvert, laicize, laicise, politicize,
politicise, radicalize, proof, romanticize, romanticise, rusticate,
sauce, shallow, shoal, tense, steepen, scramble,
unscramble, unsex, vitrify, pall, saponify, extend,
expand, set aside, muddy, lift, raise, elevate,
harshen, dinge, demonize, demonise, devilize, devilise,
diabolize, diabolise, etherealize, etherialise, immaterialize, immaterialise,
unsubstantialize, unsubstantialise, animize, animise, animate, dynamize,
dynamise, rarefy, sublimate, subtilize, volatilize, volatilise,
uniformize, uniformise, symmetrize, symmetrise, immortalize, immortalise,
eternize, eternise, eternalize, eternalise, denature, sanitize,
sanitise, verbify, sputter, draw, dope, prostrate,
excite, energize, energise, shake, outmode, spice,
spice up, shorten, think, deflate, inflate, reflate,
digitize, digitise, digitalize, digitalise, gelatinize, gelatinise,
recombine, feminize, feminise, effeminize, effeminise, womanize,
masculinize, masculinise, virilize, virilise, disharmonize, dissonate,
sexualize, sexualise, schematize, schematise, patent, constitutionalize,
constitutionalise, rationalize, rationalise, plasticize, plasticise, paganize,
paganise, incandesce, deaminate, deaminize, angulate, circularize,
depolarize, depolarise, intensify, isomerize, isomerise, legitimate,
evaporate, vaporise, industrialize, industrialise, opacify, opsonize,
militarize, militarise, recommend, sentimentalize, sentimentalise, solemnize,
solemnise, territorialize, territorialise, transaminate, transfigure, spiritualize,
unsanctify, vesiculate, visualize, visualise, variegate, ventilate,
vivify, vulgarise, vulgarize, supple, professionalize, professionalise,
smut, still, weaponize, eroticize, sex up, piggyback,
port, lifehack, cloud, confuse, obnubilate, tone down,
obfuscate, synchronize, synchronise, mince, break down, crush,
fatten, fat, flesh out, fill out, plump, plump out,
fatten out, fatten up, disturb, dull, untie, undo,
barb, string, straighten, straighten out, mix, mingle,
commix, amalgamate, put, clean, make clean, dirty,
soil, begrime, grime, colly, bemire, lower,
depress, deform, break, break up, decorate, adorn,
grace, ornament, embellish, beautify, humanize, humanise,
humble, estrange, alienate, alien, disaffect, right,
deodorize, deodorise, deodourise, blind, change intensity, change taste,
substitute, replace, capture, lend, impart, bestow,
contribute, add, restore, reinstate, reestablish, liberalize,
liberalise, compensate, redress, democratize, democratise, corrupt,
pervert, subvert, demoralize, demoralise, debauch, debase,
debase, deprave, misdirect, relax, flocculate,
turn, cohere
Cause:
change
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
2. become different in some particular way, without permanently losing one's or its former characteristics or essence (Freq. 2)
- her mood changes in accordance with the weather
- The supermarket's selection of vegetables varies according to the season
Syn:
change, vary
Derivationally related forms:
variable (for: vary), variant (for: vary), variation (for: vary), change (for: change)
Hyponyms:
alternate, jump, crackle, modulate, avianize,
avianise, move, adapt, accommodate, let out, widen,
take in, diversify, branch out, broaden, radiate, specialize,
specialise, narrow, narrow down, honeycomb, break
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
3. make an alteration to (Freq. 1)
- This dress needs to be altered
Derivationally related forms:
alterable, alteration
Hypernyms:
change, modify
Entailment:
sew, tailor, tailor-make
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- They alter the cape
4. insert words into texts, often falsifying it thereby
Syn:
interpolate, falsify
Derivationally related forms:
falsification (for: falsify), falsifier (for: falsify), interpolation (for: interpolate)
Hypernyms:
edit, redact
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
5. remove the ovaries of
- Is your cat spayed?
Syn:
neuter, spay, castrate
Derivationally related forms:
castration (for: castrate), neutering (for: castrate), neuter (for: castrate), spaying (for: spay)
Hypernyms:
sterilize, sterilise, desex, unsex, desexualize,
desexualise, fix
Hyponyms:
defeminize, defeminise
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody

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