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Từ điển Oxford Learners Wordfinder Dictionary

1 different kinds of law
2 making laws
3 allowed or not allowed by law
4 working in the law
5 obeying the law
6 not obeying the law
see also

1 different kinds of law
- what a country says that a person may or may not do: law; all the laws of a country: the law (noun U)
Is there a law against begging? Stealing is against the law.
- connected with the law: legal
the legal profession She decided to take legal advice.
- a group of laws: legislation (noun U)
We're looking for an expert on European maritime legislation.
- the law and the way it is used: justice (noun U)
the criminal justice system the administration of justice
- a law that is fair is just; opposite: unjust
- a law made by a government: act
an act of parliament the Sex Discrimination Act
- a law passed by parliament and written down formally: statute; adjective: statutory
the statute book (= a collection of all the laws made by government)
a statutory right
- the laws in England based on decisions made by judges, not laws made by parliament: common law (noun U)
- an official order given by a government or ruler: decree; to make a decree: decree sth/that ※€¦, issue a decree (that ※€¦)
The President decreed that all shops would close on national holidays.
- the set of principles and laws of a country that describe the powers of the government and the duties of the people: constitution; adjective: constitutional (adverb constitutionally); not allowed by the constitution: unconstitutional
the constitution of the United States
- an official statement that tells you what you can or cannot do, say, etc, in an institution, a sport, etc: rule
Smoking in the rooms is against the school rules. the rules of football
- a law or rule that controls how sth is done: regulation
fire/safety regulations
- a law or regulation made by local government: by-law
※ more on rules and regulations RULE

2 making laws
- the act of making laws: legislation (noun U); adjective: legislative
In this session of Parliament the Government has a heavy programme of legislation. the legislative process (= the process of making laws)
- when a new law is agreed and approved by parliament, it is passed
The new law was passed by fifteen votes.
- when a law begins to be used or comes into operation it takes* effect, comes* into effect
The new law on driving tests comes into effect from January 1st.
- a law that is being used is in force
The new seat-belt law is now in force.

3 allowed or not allowed by law
- allowed or recognized by the law: legal (adverb legally), lawful (adverb lawfully); something that is allowed or recognized by the law: right (to do sth)
Is it legal for children to enter pubs? I am the lawful owner of this house. In Britain you have the right to vote at 18.
- the state of being legal: legality (noun U)
Are you certain of the legality of what you are suggesting?
- to make sth legal: legalize sth
a campaign to legalize cannabis
- not allowed or recognized by law: against the law, illegal (adverb illegally), unlawful (adverb unlawfully)
It is illegal to drive a car without a driving licence. an illegal rock festival unlawful entry into a house
- the state of being illegal: illegality (noun U)
- to make sth illegal: ban sth, prohibit sth; nouns: ban (on sth), prohibition (of sth)
Pornographic magazines should be banned. Many people support the ban on corporal punishment in schools.
- to say that it is illegal for sb to do sth: ban sb from doing sth, prohibit sb from doing sth
He was banned from driving for a year.

4 working in the law
- a person who has studied law and whose job is to give advice about the law: lawyer (AmE also attorney)
- a lawyer (in Britain) who gives legal advice, prepares documents and usually speaks in less serious court cases: solicitor
- a lawyer (in Britain) who usually speaks in more serious court cases: barrister
- to work as a lawyer: practise (as sth), practise law
He's been practising as a solicitor for twenty years.
- to act or speak for sb else in court: represent sb; noun: representation
The man asked for proper legal representation after he was arrested.
- a person who receives a service from a lawyer or other professional person: client
- the money that you pay to a lawyer for his/her services: fee (often plural)
Her fees are very high, but she is the best barrister in London.
- a person whose job is to apply the law and decide what punishment to give to sb who breaks the law: judge
- the law as a subject of study or as a profession: law (noun U)
Elizabeth is studying law at university.

5 obeying the law
- to behave legally: obey the law
- to obey a law, etc: (formal) observe sth
to observe the speed limit
- a person who normally obeys the law is law-abiding
a law-abiding citizen
- a situation in which the law is obeyed by most people most of the time: law and order (noun U)
a general breakdown in law and order
- to make sure that people obey a law: enforce sth; noun (U): enforcement
It's the job of the police to enforce the law.

6 not obeying the law
- to do sth that is against the law: break* the law, disobey the law
- something which is illegal and which people are punished for: crime (noun C/U), (more formal) offence (AmE offense); adjective: criminal
to commit a crime Serious crime is on the increase. a driving offence criminal behaviour It is a criminal offence to take money from the till.
- a person who breaks the law: criminal, (more formal) offender
- the official organization whose job is to make sure people obey the law and to prevent crimes, etc: the police (with plural verb)
※ more on crime and the police CRIME, POLICE
※—† MORE ...
- a paragraph in a legal document: clause
Clause three specifically states that only the insured person may drive the car.
- the conditions of an agreement: terms (noun plural)
The contract set out the terms for the sale of the house.
- the state of being legally responsible for sth: liability (noun U); adjective: liable (for sth)
The hotel cannot accept liability for theft of items not left in the hotel safe. They are liable for any damage they may cause.

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