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Từ điển Oxford Advanced Learner 8th
bear



bear [bear bears bore bearing borne] verb, noun BrE [beə(r)] NAmE [ber]
verb (boreBrE [bɔː(r)] ; NAmE [bɔːr] borneBrE [bɔːn] ; NAmE [bɔːrn] ) 
 
ACCEPT/DEAL WITH
1. transitive (used with can/could in negative sentences and questions)to be able to accept and deal with sth unpleasant
Syn: stand
~ sth The pain was almost more than he could bear.
She couldn't bear the thought of losing him.
~ doing sth I can't bear having cats in the house.
He can't bear being laughed at.
~ to do sth He can't bear to be laughed at.
How can you bear to eat that stuff?
~ sb doing sth I can't bear you doing that.  
 
NOT BE SUITABLE
2. transitive not ~ to not be suitable for sth
~ sth Her later work does not bear comparison with her earlier novels (= because it is not nearly as good).
The plan won't bear close inspection (= it will be found to be unacceptable when carefully examined).
~ doing sth The joke doesn't bear repeating (= because it is not funny or may offend people).
His sufferings don't bear thinking about (= because they are so terrible).  
 
BE RESPONSIBLE FOR STH
3. transitive ~ sth (formal)to take responsibility for sth
She bore the responsibility for most of the changes.
Do parents have to bear the whole cost of tuition fees?
You shouldn't have to bear the blame for other people's mistakes.  
 
NEGATIVE FEELING
4. transitive to have a feeling, especially a negative feeling
~ sth (against/towards sb) He bears no resentment towards them.
He's borne a grudge against me ever since that day.
~ sb sth He's borne me a grudge ever since that day.
She bore him no ill will.  
 
SUPPORT WEIGHT
5. transitive ~ sth to support the weight of sb/sth
The ice is too thin to bear your weight.  
 
SHOW
6. transitive ~ sth (formal)to show sth; to carry sth so that it can be seen
The document bore her signature.
He was badly wounded in the war and still bears the scars.
She bears little resemblance to (= is not much like) her mother.
The title of the essay bore little relation to (= was not much connected with) the contents.  
 
NAME
7. transitive ~ sth (formal)to have a particular name
a family that bore an ancient and honoured name  
 
CARRY
8. transitive ~ sb/sth (old-fashioned or formal)to carry sb/sth, especially while moving
three kings bearing gifts  
 
YOURSELF
9. transitive ~ yourself well, etc. (formal)to move, behave or act in a particular way
He bears himself (= stands, walks, etc.) proudly, like a soldier.
She bore herself with dignity throughout the funeral.  
 
CHILD
10. transitive (formal)to give birth to a child
~ sth She was not able to bear children.
~ sb sth She had borne him six sons.  
 
OF TREES/PLANTS
11. transitive ~ sth (formal)to produce flowers or fruit  
 
TURN
12. intransitive ~ (to the) left, north, etc. to go or turn in the direction mentioned
When you get to the fork in the road, bear right.
more at bear, take, etc. the brunt of sth at brunt, have a (heavy) cross to bear at cross n., grin and bear it at grin v., bear/keep sb/sth in mindbear/keep in mind (that…) at mind n., bear/give witness (to sth) at witness n.
Verb forms:

Word Origin:
v. Old English beran Germanic Indo-European Sanskrit bharati Greek pherein Latin ferre n. Old English bera West Germanic Dutch beer German Bär

Thesaurus:
bear verb
1. I, T (not used in the progressive tenses)
How can you bear this awful noise?
stand • • take • |especially written tolerate • |especially spoken put up with sb/sth • |formal endure
(can't/not) bear/stand/endure doing sth
(can't/not) bear/stand/put up with sb/sth doing sth
bear/stand/put up with/endure pain
sb can hardly bear/stand sth
Bear or stand? Bear is slightly stronger and more formal than stand. Stand is used with can/could in negative statements and questions, but not in positive statements:
•She bore it with her usual patience.
 ✗ She stood it with her usual patience.
2. can't bear T (not used in the progressive tenses)
She couldn't bear the thought of losing him.
can't stand • • hate • • loathe • • detest
can't bear/can't stand/hate/loathe/detest doing sth
can't bear/hate to do sth
can't bear/can't stand/hate it when…
3. T (formal)
She had to bear the blame for his mistakes.
accept • • take • • shoulder • • carry • |formal assume
bear/accept/take/shoulder/carry/assume sth for sb/sth
bear/accept/take/shoulder/carry/assume the responsibility
bear/accept/take/shoulder/carry the blame
4. T
The ground was too soft to bear his weight.
hold • • support • • carry
bear/hold/support/carry the weight of sb/sth
Bear or hold? Bear is slightly more formal and can also be used figuratively:
•He seemed unable to bear the weight of responsibility.
 ✗ He seemed unable to hold the weight of responsibility.

Synonyms:
hate
dislike • can't stand • despise • can't bear • loathe • detest
These words all mean to have a strong feeling of dislike for sb/sth.
hate • to have a strong feeling of dislike for sb/sth. Although hate is generally a very strong verb, it is also commonly used in spoken or informal English to talk about people or things that you dislike in a less important way, for example a particular type of food: He hates violence in any form. I've always hated cabbage.
dislike • (rather formal) to not like sb/sth. Dislike is a rather formal word; it is less formal, and more usual, to say that you don't like sb/sth, especially in spoken English: I don't like it when you phone me so late at night.
can't stand • (rather informal) used to emphasize that you really do not like sb/sth: I can't stand his brother. She couldn't stand being kept waiting.
despise • to dislike and have no respect for sb/sth: He despised himself for being so cowardly.
can't bear • used to say that you dislike sth so much that you cannot accept or deal with it: I can't bear having cats in the house.
can't stand or can't bear?
In many cases you can use either word, but can't bear is slightly stronger and slightly more formal than can't stand.
loathe • to hate sb/sth very much: They loathe each other.
Loathe is generally an even stronger verb than hate, but it can also be used more informally to talk about less important things, meaning ‘really don't like’: Whether you love or loathe their music, you can't deny their talent.
detest • (rather formal) to hate sb/sth very much: They absolutely detest each other.
I hate/dislike/can't stand/can't bear/loathe/detest doing sth.
I hate/can't bear to do sth.
I hate/dislike/can't stand/can't bear it when…
I really hate/dislike/can't stand/despise/can't bear/detest sb/sth
I absolutely hate/can't stand/loathe/detest sb/sth

Example Bank:
Don't leave me alone. I wouldn't be able to bear it.
How can you bear this awful noise?
The burden of the tax bore most heavily on the poor.
We could hardly bear to be outdoors in the blinding sunlight.
You must bear at least some responsibility for what has happened.
information not bearing directly on his argument
Guests starting arriving, mostly bearing gifts.
He can't bear being laughed at.
He returned bearing a basket of vegetables.
Her two sons helped bear the coffin.
His parents had borne the child across the mountains.
I can't bear having cats in the house.
I just can't bear it any more!
Schools will bear the brunt of cuts in government spending.
She bore it all with her usual patience.
She couldn't bear seeing him so upset.
She couldn't bear the thought of losing him.
The ground was too soft to bear his weight.
These trees take a long time to bear fruit.
You shouldn't have to bear the blame for other people's mistakes.
Idioms:bear arms bear fruit bear hard/heavily/severely on somebody borne in on somebody bring something to bear like a bear with a sore head
Derived:bear down on somebody bear on something bear somebody out bear up bear with somebody
 
noun
1. a heavy wild animal with thick fur and sharp ↑claws (= pointed parts on the ends of its feet). There are many types of bear
a black bear
see also grizzly bear, ↑polar bear, ↑teddy bear
2. (finance)a person who sells shares in a company, etc, hoping to buy them back later at a lower price
compare bull
see also bearish

Word Origin:
v. Old English beran Germanic Indo-European Sanskrit bharati Greek pherein Latin ferre n. Old English bera West Germanic Dutch beer German Bär
 

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