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close



I - noun
1. the temporal end;
the concluding time (Freq. 8)
- the stopping point of each round was signaled by a bell
- the market was up at the finish
- they were playing better at the close of the season
Syn:
stopping point, finale, finis, finish, last, conclusion
Derivationally related forms:
finish (for: finish)
Hypernyms:
end, ending
2. the last section of a communication
- in conclusion I want to say...
Syn:
conclusion, end, closing, ending
Derivationally related forms:
close (for: closing), end (for: end)
Hypernyms:
section, subdivision
Hyponyms:
anticlimax, bathos, epilogue, epilog, peroration,
finale, coda
Part Holonyms:
narration, recital, yarn, address, speech
3. the concluding part of any performance
Syn:
finale, closing curtain, finis
Hypernyms:
finish, finishing

II - verb
1. move so that an opening or passage is obstructed;
make shut (Freq. 32)
- Close the door
- shut the window
Syn:
shut
Ant:
open
See Also:
shut up (for: shut), shut in (for: shut)
Derivationally related forms:
shutter (for: shut), shutting (for: shut), closure, closing
Hyponyms:
snap, slat, slam, bang, shutter,
draw, roll up, bung, seal, seal off
Verb Group:
shut
Cause:
shut
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
- They want to close the doors
2. become closed (Freq. 20)
- The windows closed with a loud bang
Syn:
shut
Ant:
open
Derivationally related forms:
shutter (for: shut), closing
Hypernyms:
change state, turn
Verb Group:
shut
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- The doors close
3. cease to operate or cause to cease operating (Freq. 18)
- The owners decided to move and to close the factory
- My business closes every night at 8 P.M.
- close up the shop
Syn:
close up, fold, shut down, close down
Ant:
open
Derivationally related forms:
closedown (for: close down), shutdown (for: shut down), closer, closure, closing
Hyponyms:
adjourn, withdraw, retire
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s something
- The business is going to close
4. finish or terminate (meetings, speeches, etc.) (Freq. 13)
- The meeting was closed with a charge by the chairman of the board
Ant:
open
Derivationally related forms:
closure, closing
Hypernyms:
end, terminate
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
5. come to a close (Freq. 2)
- The concert closed with a nocturne by Chopin
Syn:
conclude
Derivationally related forms:
closing
Hypernyms:
end, stop, finish, terminate, cease
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Something is ----ing PP
6. complete a business deal, negotiation, or an agreement (Freq. 1)
- We closed on the house on Friday
- They closed the deal on the building
Hypernyms:
end, terminate
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s something
7. be priced or listed when trading stops
- The stock market closed high this Friday
- My new stocks closed at $59 last night
Hypernyms:
trade
Verb Frames:
- Something is ----ing PP
8. engage at close quarters
- close with the enemy
Derivationally related forms:
closing
Hypernyms:
prosecute, engage, pursue
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s PP
9. cause a window or an application to disappear on a computer desktop
Ant:
open
Derivationally related forms:
closure, closing
Hypernyms:
end, terminate
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
10. change one's body stance so that the forward shoulder and foot are closer to the intended point of impact
Topics:
ball game, ballgame
Hypernyms:
move
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
11. come together, as if in an embrace
- Her arms closed around her long lost relative
Syn:
come together
Hypernyms:
move
Verb Frames:
- Something is ----ing PP
12. draw near
- The probe closed with the space station
Derivationally related forms:
closure, closing
Hypernyms:
approach, near, come on, go up, draw near,
draw close, come near
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
13. bring together all the elements or parts of
- Management closed ranks
Hypernyms:
join, bring together
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
14. bar access to
- Due to the accident, the road had to be closed for several hours
Derivationally related forms:
closure, closing
Hypernyms:
barricade, block, blockade, stop, block off,
block up, bar
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
15. fill or stop up
- Can you close the cracks with caulking?
Syn:
fill up
Derivationally related forms:
closure, closing
Hypernyms:
fill
Hyponyms:
seal, plug, stop up, secure, coapt, conglutinate
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
16. unite or bring into contact or bring together the edges of
- close the circuit
- close a wound
- close a book
- close up an umbrella
Syn:
close up
Derivationally related forms:
closing
Hypernyms:
join, bring together
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
17. finish a game in baseball by protecting a lead
- The relief pitcher closed with two runs in the second inning
Hypernyms:
complete, finish
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s

III - adjective
1. at or within a short distance in space or time or having elements near each other (Freq. 38)
- close to noon
- how close are we to town?
- a close formation of ships
Ant:
distant
Similar to:
adjacent, next, side by side, ambient, appressed,
adpressed, approximate, close together, at hand, close at hand, imminent,
impendent, impending, close-hauled, close-set, close set, contiguous,
immediate, encompassing, surrounding, circumferent, enveloping, hand-to-hand,
hand-to-hand, nestled, snuggled, proximate, scalelike,
walk-to, walking
Derivationally related forms:
closeness
Attrubites:
distance
2. close in relevance or relationship (Freq. 23)
- a close family
- we are all...in close sympathy with...
- close kin
- a close resemblance
Ant:
distant
Similar to:
approximate, near, boon, chummy, buddy-buddy,
thick, close-knit, closely knit, confidential, cozy, dear,
good, familiar, intimate
Derivationally related forms:
closeness
3. not far distant in time or space or degree or circumstances (Freq. 6)
- near neighbors
- in the near future
- they are near equals
- his nearest approach to success
- a very near thing
- a near hit by the bomb
- she was near tears
- she was close to tears
- had a close call
Syn:
near, nigh
Ant:
far (for: near)
Similar to:
adjacent, nearby, warm, hot
Derivationally related forms:
closeness, nearness (for: near)
Attrubites:
distance
4. rigorously attentive;
strict and thorough (Freq. 4)
- close supervision
- paid close attention
- a close study
- kept a close watch on expenditures
Similar to:
careful
5. marked by fidelity to an original (Freq. 3)
- a close translation
- a faithful copy of the portrait
- a faithful rendering of the observed facts
Syn:
faithful
Similar to:
accurate
Derivationally related forms:
faithfulness (for: faithful)
6. (of a contest or contestants) evenly matched (Freq. 2)
- a close contest
- a close election
- a tight game
Syn:
tight
Similar to:
equal
7. crowded (Freq. 1)
- close quarters
Syn:
confining
Similar to:
confined
8. lacking fresh air
- a dusty airless attic
- the dreadfully close atmosphere
- hot and stuffy and the air was blue with smoke
Syn:
airless, stuffy, unaired
Similar to:
unventilated
Derivationally related forms:
stuffiness (for: stuffy)
9. of textiles
- a close weave
- smooth percale with a very tight weave
Syn:
tight
Similar to:
fine
10. strictly confined or guarded
- kept under close custody
Similar to:
restrained
11. confined to specific persons
- a close secret
Similar to:
private
12. fitting closely but comfortably
- a close fit
Syn:
snug, close-fitting
Similar to:
tight
13. used of hair or haircuts
- a close military haircut
Similar to:
short
14. giving or spending with reluctance
- our cheeseparing administration
- very close (or near) with his money
- a penny-pinching miserly old man
Syn:
cheeseparing, near, penny-pinching, skinny
Similar to:
stingy, ungenerous
Derivationally related forms:
penny-pinching (for: penny-pinching), closeness
15. inclined to secrecy or reticence about divulging information
- although they knew her whereabouts her friends kept close about it
Syn:
closelipped, closemouthed, secretive, tightlipped
Similar to:
uncommunicative, incommunicative
Derivationally related forms:
secretiveness (for: secretive), secrete (for: secretive), closeness

IV - adverb
1. near in time or place or relationship (Freq. 17)
- as the wedding day drew near
- stood near the door
- don't shoot until they come near
- getting near to the true explanation
- her mother is always near
- The end draws nigh
- the bullet didn't come close
- don't get too close to the fire
Syn:
near, nigh
2. in an attentive manner (Freq. 4)
- he remained close on his guard
Syn:
closely, tight
Derived from adjective:
close (for: closely)

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