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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
fire



I - noun
1. the event of something burning (often destructive) (Freq. 43)
- they lost everything in the fire
Hypernyms:
happening, occurrence, occurrent, natural event
Hyponyms:
backfire, bonfire, balefire, brush fire, campfire,
conflagration, inferno, forest fire, grassfire, prairie fire, smoulder,
smolder, smudge
2. the act of firing weapons or artillery at an enemy (Freq. 18)
- hold your fire until you can see the whites of their eyes
- they retreated in the face of withering enemy fire
Syn:
firing
Derivationally related forms:
fire (for: firing)
Hypernyms:
attack, onslaught, onset, onrush
Hyponyms:
antiaircraft fire, barrage, barrage fire, battery, bombardment,
shelling, broadside, fusillade, salvo, volley, burst,
call fire, cover, covering fire, concentrated fire, massed fire, counterfire,
counterpreparation fire, crossfire, destruction fire, direct fire, distributed fire, friendly fire,
fratricide, hostile fire, grazing fire, harassing fire, indirect fire, interdiction fire,
neutralization fire, observed fire, preparation fire, radar fire, registration fire, scheduled fire,
searching fire, supporting fire, suppressive fire, unobserved fire, artillery fire, cannon fire
3. the process of combustion of inflammable materials producing heat and light and (often) smoke (Freq. 7)
- fire was one of our ancestors' first discoveries
Syn:
flame, flaming
Derivationally related forms:
flame (for: flaming), flame (for: flame), fiery
Hypernyms:
combustion, burning
Hyponyms:
blaze, blazing, flare, ignition
4. a fireplace in which a relatively small fire is burning (Freq. 4)
- they sat by the fire and talked
Hypernyms:
fireplace, hearth, open fireplace
Hyponyms:
cookfire
5. once thought to be one of four elements composing the universe (Empedocles) (Freq. 3)
Usage Domain:
archaism, archaicism
Hypernyms:
element
6. feelings of great warmth and intensity (Freq. 3)
- he spoke with great ardor
Syn:
ardor, ardour, fervor, fervour, fervency, fervidness
Derivationally related forms:
fervid (for: fervidness), fiery, fervent (for: fervency)
Hypernyms:
passion, passionateness
Hyponyms:
zeal
7. fuel that is burning and is used as a means for cooking
- put the kettle on the fire
- barbecue over an open fire
Hypernyms:
fuel
8. a severe trial
- he went through fire and damnation
Hypernyms:
trial, tribulation, visitation
9. intense adverse criticism
- Clinton directed his fire at the Republican Party
- the government has come under attack
- don't give me any flak
Syn:
attack, flak, flack, blast
Derivationally related forms:
attack (for: attack)
Hypernyms:
criticism, unfavorable judgment

II - verb
1. start firing a weapon (Freq. 30)
Syn:
open fire
Derivationally related forms:
firing
Hypernyms:
blast, shoot
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s PP
2. cause to go off (Freq. 16)
- fire a gun
- fire a bullet
Syn:
discharge
Derivationally related forms:
discharge (for: discharge), firing
Hyponyms:
pop, loose off, let fly, let drive, blast,
shoot, fusillade
Cause:
discharge, go off
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
3. bake in a kiln so as to harden (Freq. 10)
- fire pottery
Topics:
cooking, cookery, preparation
Hypernyms:
bake
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
4. terminate the employment of;
discharge from an office or position (Freq. 7)
- The boss fired his secretary today
- The company terminated 25% of its workers
Syn:
displace, give notice, can, dismiss, give the axe,
send away, sack, force out, give the sack, terminate
Ant:
hire
Derivationally related forms:
sack (for: sack), sacking (for: sack), dismissible (for: dismiss), dismission (for: dismiss), dismissal (for: dismiss), firing
Hypernyms:
remove
Hyponyms:
retire, pension off, clean out, furlough, lay off,
squeeze out, dismiss, send packing, send away, drop
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Somebody ----s somebody to INFINITIVE
- Somebody ----s PP (for: give the sack)
- Somebody ----s PP (for: give the axe)
5. go off or discharge (Freq. 5)
- The gun fired
Syn:
discharge, go off
Derivationally related forms:
discharge (for: discharge)
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
6. drive out or away by or as if by fire (Freq. 1)
- The soldiers were fired
- Surrender fires the cold skepticism
Hypernyms:
chase away, drive out, turn back, drive away, dispel,
drive off, run off
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
7. call forth (emotions, feelings, and responses) (Freq. 1)
- arouse pity
- raise a smile
- evoke sympathy
Syn:
arouse, elicit, enkindle, kindle, evoke,
raise, provoke
Derivationally related forms:
provocative (for: provoke), provocation (for: provoke), evocative (for: evoke), evocation (for: evoke), elicitation (for: elicit), arousal (for: arouse)
Hypernyms:
make, create
Hyponyms:
strike a chord, touch a chord, invite, ask for, draw,
rekindle, infatuate, prick, inflame, stir up, wake,
ignite, heat, fire up, stimulate, shake, shake up,
excite, stir, anger, upset, discompose, untune,
disconcert, discomfit, shame, hurt, wound, injure,
bruise, offend, spite, overwhelm, overpower, sweep over,
whelm, overcome, overtake, interest
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
8. destroy by fire (Freq. 1)
- They burned the house and his diaries
Syn:
burn, burn down
Derivationally related forms:
burnable (for: burn), burn (for: burn)
Hypernyms:
destroy, ruin
Hyponyms:
backfire, cremate, torch, scorch
Verb Group:
burn, combust, incinerate
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
- They fire the trees
9. provide with fuel
- Oil fires the furnace
Syn:
fuel
Derivationally related forms:
fuel (for: fuel)
Hypernyms:
supply, provide, render, furnish
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s something

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