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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
spread



I - noun
1. process or result of distributing or extending over a wide expanse of space (Freq. 3)
Syn:
spreading
Derivationally related forms:
spread (for: spreading)
Hypernyms:
change of location, travel
Hyponyms:
diffusion, dispersion, scattering, invasion, irradiation, radiation
2. a conspicuous disparity or difference as between two figures (Freq. 3)
- gap between income and outgo
- the spread between lending and borrowing costs
Syn:
gap
Hypernyms:
disparity
3. farm consisting of a large tract of land along with facilities needed to raise livestock (especially cattle) (Freq. 2)
Syn:
ranch, cattle ranch, cattle farm
Derivationally related forms:
ranch (for: ranch)
Hypernyms:
farm
4. a haphazard distribution in all directions (Freq. 1)
Syn:
scatter
Derivationally related forms:
scatter (for: scatter)
Hypernyms:
distribution, dispersion
Hyponyms:
diffuseness
5. two facing pages of a book or other publication
Syn:
spread head, spreadhead, facing pages
Hypernyms:
page
Hyponyms:
center spread, centre spread, centerfold, centrefold
Part Holonyms:
publication
6. decorative cover for a bed
Syn:
bedspread, bedcover, bed cover, bed covering, counterpane
Hypernyms:
bedclothes, bed clothing, bedding
Hyponyms:
coverlet, quilted bedspread
7. a meal that is well prepared and greatly enjoyed
- a banquet for the graduating seniors
- the Thanksgiving feast
- they put out quite a spread
Syn:
banquet, feast
Derivationally related forms:
feast (for: feast), banquet (for: banquet)
Hypernyms:
meal, repast
8. a tasty mixture to be spread on bread or crackers or used in preparing other dishes
Syn:
paste
Hypernyms:
condiment
Hyponyms:
margarine, margarin, oleo, oleomargarine, marge,
nut butter, peanut butter, marshmallow fluff, onion butter, pimento butter, shrimp butter,
lobster butter, cheese spread, anchovy butter, fishpaste, garlic butter, miso,
hummus, humus, hommos, hoummos, humous, pate,
tapenade, tahini
9. the expansion of a person's girth (especially at middle age)
- she exercised to avoid that middle-aged spread
Hypernyms:
girth
10. act of extending over a wider scope or expanse of space or time
Syn:
spreading
Derivationally related forms:
spread (for: spreading)
Hypernyms:
extension
Hyponyms:
circulation, dispersion, dispersal, dissemination, diffusion,
scatter, scattering, strewing, decentralization, decentralisation

II - verb
1. distribute or disperse widely (Freq. 24)
- The invaders spread their language all over the country
Syn:
distribute
Ant:
gather
See Also:
spread out
Derivationally related forms:
distribution (for: distribute), spreader, spreading
Hyponyms:
generalize, generalise, metastasize, metastasise, discharge,
strew, straw, export, propagate, deploy, redistribute,
sprawl, straggle, diffuse, spread out, fan out
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
- Somebody ----s something PP
2. become distributed or widespread (Freq. 6)
- the infection spread
- Optimism spread among the population
Syn:
propagate
Hypernyms:
move
Hyponyms:
catch
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
3. spread out or open from a closed or folded state (Freq. 5)
- open the map
- spread your arms
Syn:
unfold, spread out, open
Ant:
fold (for: unfold)
Derivationally related forms:
opening (for: open)
Hypernyms:
undo
Hyponyms:
divaricate, exfoliate, grass, butterfly, uncross, splay
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s something PP
4. cause to become widely known (Freq. 5)
- spread information
- circulate a rumor
- broadcast the news
Syn:
circulate, circularize, circularise, distribute, disseminate,
propagate, broadcast, diffuse, disperse, pass around
Derivationally related forms:
dispersive (for: disperse), dispersion (for: disperse), dispersal (for: disperse), diffusive (for: diffuse), diffusion (for: diffuse), spreading, broadcast (for: broadcast), propagation (for: propagate), propagator (for: propagate), disseminative (for: disseminate), dissemination (for: disseminate), disseminator (for: disseminate), circular (for: circularise), circulation (for: circulate)
Hypernyms:
publicize, publicise, air, bare
Hyponyms:
podcast, sow, popularize, popularise, vulgarize,
vulgarise, generalize, generalise, carry, run
Verb Group:
go around, circulate
Cause:
go around, circulate
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
5. spread across or over (Freq. 5)
- A big oil spot spread across the water
Syn:
overspread
Derivationally related forms:
spreading
Hypernyms:
cover, continue, extend
Hyponyms:
transgress
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s something
6. become widely known and passed on (Freq. 4)
- the rumor spread
- the story went around in the office
Syn:
go around, circulate
Hypernyms:
travel, go, move, locomote
Verb Group:
circulate, circularize, circularise, distribute, disseminate,
propagate, broadcast, diffuse, disperse, pass around
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
7. move outward (Freq. 3)
- The soldiers fanned out
Syn:
diffuse, spread out, fan out
Derivationally related forms:
diffusion (for: diffuse)
Hypernyms:
distribute
Hyponyms:
percolate, creep, run, bleed, mantle
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
8. strew or distribute over an area (Freq. 3)
- He spread fertilizer over the lawn
- scatter cards across the table
Syn:
scatter, spread out
Derivationally related forms:
scatter (for: scatter), scattering (for: scatter), spreader
Hypernyms:
circulate, pass around, pass on, distribute
Hyponyms:
manure, muck, birdlime, lime, circumfuse, distribute
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s something PP
9. cover by spreading something over
- spread the bread with cheese
Derivationally related forms:
spreader
Hypernyms:
cover
Hyponyms:
slather
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something PP
- They spread the bread with melted butter
10. distribute over a surface in a layer
- spread cheese on a piece of bread
Derivationally related forms:
spreader
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something PP

III - adjective
1. distributed or spread over a considerable extent (Freq. 4)
- has ties with many widely dispersed friends
- eleven million Jews are spread throughout Europe
Syn:
dispersed
Similar to:
distributed
2. prepared or arranged for a meal;
especially having food set out (Freq. 1)
- a table spread with food
Similar to:
prepared
3. fully extended in width (Freq. 1)
- outspread wings
- with arms spread wide
Syn:
outspread
Similar to:
extended

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