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start



I - noun
1. the beginning of anything (Freq. 11)
- it was off to a good start
Hypernyms:
beginning
Hyponyms:
adrenarche, menarche, thelarche, onset, oncoming,
dawn, morning, flying start, running start, opener, alpha,
alpha, opening night, curtain raising, kickoff, send-off,
start-off, racing start
2. the time at which something is supposed to begin (Freq. 5)
- they got an early start
- she knew from the get-go that he was the man for her
Syn:
beginning, commencement, first, outset, get-go,
kickoff, starting time, showtime, offset
Ant:
middle (for: beginning), end (for: beginning)
Derivationally related forms:
kick off (for: kickoff)
Hypernyms:
point, point in time
Hyponyms:
birth, incipiency, incipience, terminus a quo, starting point, threshold
3. a turn to be a starter (in a game at the beginning) (Freq. 2)
- he got his start because one of the regular pitchers was in the hospital
- his starting meant that the coach thought he was one of their best linemen
Syn:
starting
Derivationally related forms:
start (for: starting)
Hypernyms:
turn, play
4. the act of starting something (Freq. 1)
- he was responsible for the beginning of negotiations
Syn:
beginning, commencement
Ant:
finish
Derivationally related forms:
commence (for: commencement), begin (for: beginning)
Hypernyms:
change of state
Hyponyms:
springboard, jumping-off point, point of departure, activation, attack,
tone-beginning, constitution, establishment, formation, organization, organisation,
introduction, debut, first appearance, launching, unveiling, entry,
face-off, first step, initiative, opening move, opening, groundbreaking,
groundbreaking ceremony, housing start, icebreaker, inauguration, startup, initiation,
founding, foundation, institution, origination, creation, innovation,
instauration, installation, installing, installment, instalment, jump ball,
kickoff, resumption, recommencement, scrum, scrummage
Instance Hyponyms:
Creation
5. a sudden involuntary movement (Freq. 1)
- he awoke with a start
Syn:
startle, jump
Derivationally related forms:
jumpy (for: jump), jump (for: jump), startle (for: startle)
Hypernyms:
reflex, reflex response, reflex action, instinctive reflex, innate reflex,
inborn reflex, unconditioned reflex, physiological reaction
Hyponyms:
startle response, startle reaction, startle reflex, Moro reflex, wince, flinch
6. the advantage gained by beginning early (as in a race)
- with an hour's start he will be hard to catch
Syn:
head start
Hypernyms:
advantage, vantage
7. a line indicating the location of the start of a race or a game
Syn:
starting line, scratch, scratch line
Hypernyms:
line
8. a signal to begin (as in a race)
- the starting signal was a green light
- the runners awaited the start
Syn:
starting signal
Hypernyms:
signal, signaling, sign

II - verb
1. take the first step or steps in carrying out an action (Freq. 159)
- We began working at dawn
- Who will start?
- Get working as soon as the sun rises!
- The first tourists began to arrive in Cambodia
- He began early in the day
- Let's get down to work now
Syn:
get down, begin, get, start out, set about,
set out, commence
Ant:
end (for: begin)
Derivationally related forms:
commencement (for: commence), starter, beginner (for: begin), beginning (for: begin)
Hyponyms:
recommence, strike out, fall, jump off, get to,
auspicate, attack, break in, plunge, launch, come on,
embark, enter, get cracking, bestir oneself, get going, get moving,
get weaving, get started, get rolling
Verb Group:
begin
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s to INFINITIVE
- Somebody ----s VERB-ing
- They start moving
- They start to move
2. set in motion, cause to start (Freq. 45)
- The U.S. started a war in the Middle East
- The Iraqis began hostilities
- begin a new chapter in your life
Syn:
begin, lead off, commence
Ant:
end (for: begin)
Derivationally related forms:
commencement (for: commence), beginner (for: begin), beginning (for: begin)
Hyponyms:
jumpstart, jump-start, recommence, inaugurate, usher in,
introduce, set off, start up, embark on, commence
Verb Group:
begin
Cause:
begin
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
3. leave (Freq. 29)
- The family took off for Florida
Syn:
depart, part, start out, set forth, set off,
set out, take off
See Also:
part with (for: part)
Derivationally related forms:
takeoff (for: take off), parting (for: part), departure (for: depart), departer (for: depart)
Hypernyms:
leave, go forth, go away
Hyponyms:
take off, lift off, roar off, blaze, blaze out,
sally forth, sally out
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s PP
- These cars won't start
4. have a beginning, in a temporal, spatial, or evaluative sense (Freq. 17)
- The DMZ begins right over the hill
- The second movement begins after the Allegro
- Prices for these homes start at $250,000
Syn:
begin
Ant:
end (for: begin)
Hyponyms:
erupt, break out, bud, set in, kick in,
dawn, originate
Verb Group:
begin
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Something is ----ing PP
- Something ----s something
5. bring into being (Freq. 16)
- He initiated a new program
- Start a foundation
Syn:
originate, initiate
See Also:
originate in (for: originate)
Derivationally related forms:
starter, initiative (for: initiate), initiatory (for: initiate), initiation (for: initiate), originative (for: originate), origin (for: originate), origination (for: originate), originator (for: originate)
Hypernyms:
make, create
Hyponyms:
lead up, initiate, set, go back, date back, date from
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
6. get off the ground (Freq. 11)
- Who started this company?
- We embarked on an exciting enterprise
- I start my day with a good breakfast
- We began the new semester
- The afternoon session begins at 4 PM
- The blood shed started when the partisans launched a surprise attack
Syn:
start up, embark on, commence
Derivationally related forms:
commencement (for: commence), startup (for: start up)
Hypernyms:
begin, lead off, commence
Hyponyms:
inaugurate, kick off, open
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
7. move or jump suddenly, as if in surprise or alarm (Freq. 7)
- She startled when I walked into the room
Syn:
startle, jump
Derivationally related forms:
jump (for: jump), startle (for: startle)
Hypernyms:
move
Hyponyms:
shy, boggle, rear back, jackrabbit
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s something
8. get going or set in motion (Freq. 7)
- We simply could not start the engine
- start up the computer
Syn:
start up
Ant:
stop
Derivationally related forms:
startup (for: start up)
Hyponyms:
kick-start, hot-wire, restart, re-start, crank,
crank up, jumpstart, jump-start, jump
Cause:
go, get going
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
9. begin or set in motion (Freq. 5)
- I start at eight in the morning
- Ready, set, go!
Syn:
go, get going
Ant:
stop
Hyponyms:
go on, come up, come on, get off the ground, take off
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s something
10. begin work or acting in a certain capacity, office or job (Freq. 2)
- Take up a position
- start a new job
Syn:
take up
Hyponyms:
take office
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
11. play in the starting lineup (Freq. 1)
Derivationally related forms:
starting
Topics:
sport, athletics
Hypernyms:
play
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
12. have a beginning characterized in some specified way
- The novel begins with a murder
- My property begins with the three maple trees
- Her day begins with a workout
- The semester begins with a convocation ceremony
Syn:
begin
Hypernyms:
be
Verb Group:
begin
Verb Frames:
- Something is ----ing PP
13. begin an event that is implied and limited by the nature or inherent function of the direct object
- begin a cigar
- She started the soup while it was still hot
- We started physics in 10th grade
Syn:
begin
Hypernyms:
act, move
Verb Group:
begin
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
14. bulge outward
- His eyes popped
Syn:
protrude, pop, pop out, bulge, bulge out,
bug out, come out
Derivationally related forms:
bulge (for: bulge), protrusible (for: protrude), protrusive (for: protrude), protrusion (for: protrude)
Hypernyms:
change shape, change form, deform
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s

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