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Từ điển Oxford Learners Wordfinder Dictionary
maculate


I - verb
1. make dirty or spotty, as by exposure to air;
also used metaphorically
- The silver was tarnished by the long exposure to the air
- Her reputation was sullied after the affair with a married man
Syn:
tarnish, stain, sully, defile
Derivationally related forms:
macula, maculation, stain (for: stain), tarnish (for: tarnish)
Hypernyms:
spot, fleck, blob, blot
Hyponyms:
darken
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
2. spot, stain, or pollute
- The townspeople defiled the river by emptying raw sewage into it
Syn:
foul, befoul, defile
Derivationally related forms:
macula, maculation, defilement (for: defile), defiler (for: defile), befoulment (for: befoul)
Hypernyms:
dishonor, disgrace, dishonour, attaint, shame
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something

II - adjective
1. morally blemished;
stained or impure
Syn:
defiled
Similar to:
impure
2. spotted or blotched
Similar to:
dirty, soiled, unclean

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