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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
rail



I - noun
1. a barrier consisting of a horizontal bar and supports (Freq. 5)
Syn:
railing
Derivationally related forms:
rail (for: railing)
Hypernyms:
barrier
Hyponyms:
bar, fife rail, safety rail, guardrail, taffrail
Part Holonyms:
bannister, banister, balustrade, balusters, handrail
Part Meronyms:
ledger board
2. short for railway (Freq. 3)
- he traveled by rail
- he was concerned with rail safety
Hypernyms:
railway, railroad, railroad line, railway line, railway system
3. a bar or pair of parallel bars of rolled steel making the railway along which railroad cars or other vehicles can roll
Syn:
track, rails, runway
Hypernyms:
bar
Hyponyms:
third rail
Part Holonyms:
railroad track, railroad, railway, tramline, tramway, streetcar track
4. a horizontal bar (usually of wood or metal)
Hypernyms:
bar
Hyponyms:
hitchrack, hitching bar, ledger board, picture rail, plate rail,
split rail, fence rail
5. any of numerous widely distributed small wading birds of the family Rallidae having short wings and very long toes for running on soft mud
Hypernyms:
wading bird, wader
Hyponyms:
weka, maori hen, wood hen, crake, notornis,
takahe, Notornis mantelli, coot
Member Holonyms:
Rallidae, family Rallidae

II - verb
1. complain bitterly (Freq. 2)
Syn:
inveigh
Hypernyms:
complain, kick, plain, sound off, quetch, kvetch
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s PP
2. enclose with rails
- rail in the old graves
Syn:
rail in
Derivationally related forms:
railing
Hypernyms:
enclose, hold in, confine
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
3. provide with rails
- The yard was railed
Derivationally related forms:
railing
Topics:
architecture
Hypernyms:
supply, provide, render, furnish
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
4. separate with a railing
- rail off the crowds from the Presidential palace
Syn:
rail off
Derivationally related forms:
railing
Hypernyms:
separate, divide
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
5. convey (goods etc.) by rails
- fresh fruit are railed from Italy to Belgium
Hypernyms:
transport
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody PP
- Somebody ----s something PP
6. travel by rail or train
- They railed from Rome to Venice
- She trained to Hamburg
Syn:
train
Derivationally related forms:
train (for: train)
Hypernyms:
ride
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s PP
7. lay with rails
- hundreds of miles were railed out here
Hypernyms:
lay, put down, repose
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
8. fish with a handline over the rails of a boat
- They are railing for fresh fish
Hypernyms:
fish
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
9. spread negative information about
- The Nazi propaganda vilified the Jews
Syn:
vilify, revile, vituperate
Derivationally related forms:
vituperative (for: vituperate), vituperation (for: vituperate), revilement (for: revile), vilification (for: vilify), vilifier (for: vilify)
Hypernyms:
abuse, clapperclaw, blackguard, shout
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s (for: vituperate)
10. criticize severely
- He fulminated against the Republicans' plan to cut Medicare
- She railed against the bad social policies
Syn:
fulminate
Derivationally related forms:
fulmination (for: fulminate)
Hypernyms:
denounce
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s PP

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