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Từ điển Oxford Advanced Learner 8th
strike



strike [strike strikes struck stricken striking] verb, noun BrE [straɪk] NAmE [straɪk]
verb (struck, struckBrE [strʌk] ; NAmE [strʌk] ) 
 
HIT SB/STH
1. transitive ~ sb/sth (formal)to hit sb/sth hard or with force
The ship struck a rock.
The child ran into the road and was struck by a car.
The tree was struck by lightning.
He fell, striking his head on the edge of the table.
The stone struck her on the forehead.
2. transitive ~ sb/sth (sth) (formal)to hit sb/sth with your hand or a weapon
She struck him in the face.
He struck the table with his fist.
Who struck the first blow (= started the fight)?  
 
KICK/HIT BALL
3. transitive ~ sth (formal)to hit or kick a ball, etc
He walked up to the penalty spot and struck the ball firmly into the back of the net.  
 
ATTACK
4. intransitive to attack sb/sth, especially suddenly
The lion crouched ready to strike.
Police fear that the killer may strike again.  
 
OF DISASTER/DISEASE
5. intransitive, transitive to happen suddenly and have a harmful or damaging effect on sb/sth
Two days later tragedy struck.
~ sb/sth The area was struck by an outbreak of cholera.  
 
THOUGHT/IDEA/IMPRESSION
6. transitive (not used in the progressive tenses) (of a thought or an idea)to come into sb's mind suddenly
~ sb An awful thought has just struck me.
I was struck by her resemblance to my aunt.
it strikes sb how, what, etc… It suddenly struck me how we could improve the situation.
7. transitive to give sb a particular impression
~ sb (as sth) His reaction struck me as odd.
How does the idea strike you?
She strikes me as a very efficient person.
it strikes sb that… It strikes me that nobody is really in favour of the changes.  
 
OF LIGHT
8. transitive ~ sth to fall on a surface
The windows sparkled as the sun struck the glass.  
 
DUMB/DEAF/BLIND
9. transitive ~ sb + adj. usually passive to put sb suddenly into a particular state
to be struck dumb/deaf/blind  
 
OF WORKERS
10. intransitive ~ (for sth) to refuse to work, because of a disagreement over pay or conditions
The union has voted to strike for a pay increase of 6%.
Striking workers picketed the factory.  
 
MATCH
11. transitive, intransitive ~ (sth) to rub sth such as a match against a surface so that it produces a flame; to produce a flame when rubbed against a rough surface
to strike a match on a wall
The sword struck sparks off the stone floor.
The matches were damp and he couldn't make them strike.  
 
OF CLOCK
12. intransitive, transitive to show the time by making a ringing noise, etc.
Syn: chime
Did you hear the clock strike?
Four o'clock had just struck.
~ sth The clock has just struck three.  
 
MAKE SOUND
13. transitive ~ sth to produce a musical note, sound, etc. by pressing a key or hitting sth
to strike a chord on the piano  
 
GOLD/OIL, ETC.
14. transitive ~ sth to discover gold, oil, etc. by digging or drilling
They had struck oil!  
 
GO WITH PURPOSE
15. intransitive ~ (off/out) to go somewhere with great energy or purpose
We left the road and struck off across the fields.
more at strike/touch a chord at chord, drive/strike a hard bargain at hard adj., hit/strike home at home adv., lightning never strikes (in the same place) twice at lightning n., hit/strike the right/wrong notestrike/sound a note at note n., hit/strike pay dirt at pay dirt
Verb forms:

Word Origin:
Old English strīcan ‘go, flow’ and ‘rub lightly’, of West Germanic origin; related to German streichen ‘to stroke’, also to ↑stroke. The sense ‘deliver a blow’ dates from Middle English.

Thesaurus:
strike verb
1. T (formal)
The ship struck a rock.
hit • • knock • |informal bash
strike/hit the ground/floor/wall
2. T (formal)
She struck him hard across the face.
hit • • punch • • thump • • beat • • batter • • slap • • spank • |especially BrE smack • |informal whack • • sock
strike/hit/beat/batter/whack sb/sth with sth
strike/hit/thump/whack sb over the head
beat/batter sb around/about the head
strike/hit/punch/thump sb in the stomach/chest
3. I, T
Planes struck targets in the city.
attack • • raid • • charge • • storm
strike/charge at sth
strike/attack/charge the enemy
aircraft strike/attack/raid sth
4. I, T (written, especially journalism)
tragedy/disaster strikes
The area was struck by an outbreak of cholera.
attack • |especially journalism spoken hit
a/an earthquake/hurricane/storm strikes/hits (sth)
a disease/virus strikes/attacks sb/sth
5. T (not used in the progressive tenses)
An awful thought has just struck me.
occur to sb • • cross your mind • • dawn on sb • • come to sb • • come/spring to mind • |informal hit
It strikes sb/occurs to sb/crosses sb's mind/dawns on sb/comes to sb/hits sb that…
a/an thought/idea strikes sb/occurs to sb/crosses sb's mind/comes to sb/comes to mind/hits sb
suddenly strike/occur to/dawn on/come to/hit sb
6. T
His reaction struck me as odd.
come across • • come over • • seem • • appear
strike sb/come across/come over as (being) odd, etc.
It strikes sb/seems/appears that…

Synonyms:
hit
knock • bang • strike • bump • bash
These words all mean to come against sth with a lot of force.
hit • to come against sth with force, especially causing damage or injury: The boy was hit by a speeding car.
knock • to hit sth so that it moves or breaks; to put sb/sth into a particular state or position by hitting them/it: Someone had knocked a hole in the wall.
bang • to hit sth in a way that makes a loud noise: The baby was banging the table with his spoon.
strike • (formal) to hit sb/sth hard: The ship struck a rock.
bump • to hit sb/sth accidentally: In the darkness I bumped into a chair.
bash • (informal) to hit against sth very hard: I braked too late, bashing into the car in front.
to hit/knock/bang/bump/bash against sb/sth
to knock/bang/bump/bash into sb/sth
to hit/strike the ground/floor/wall

Example Bank:
A hurricane is about to strike Jamaica.
Drivers are threatening to strike over pay.
Earthquakes can strike without warning.
He always struck me as being rather stupid.
He struck her hard across the face.
He struck the ball firmly into the back of the net.
He was struck down with food poisoning.
I was particularly struck by the sound of the birds.
It struck me as strange that there was no one there.
Joan was struck quite forcibly by the silence.
One thing that really struck me was how calm he appeared.
Over 100 000 civil servants are set to strike on Tuesday.
The German army struck deep into northern France.
The ball struck her on the head.
The oar struck against something hard.
The remark struck home.
An earthquake, measuring 7 on the Richter scale, struck the islands yesterday.
Did she ever strike you?
Disaster struck again when their best player was injured.
Four o'clock had just struck.
He fell, striking his head on the floor.
She struck a chord on the piano and the children began to sing.
The child was struck by a car.
The disease first struck her 10 years ago.
The guerrillas struck with deadly force.
The old tree had been struck by lightning.
The stone struck him on the forehead.
Warplanes struck several targets in the city.
Who struck the first blow?
Idioms:strike a an attitude strike a balance strike a blow at something strike a deal strike fear into somebody heart strike gold strike it rich strike lucky strike while the iron is hot struck by somebody three strikes and you're out three strikes rule within striking distance
Derived:strike at somebody strike back strike out strike somebody down strike somebody off strike somebody out strike something down strike something off strike something out strike up strike up something
 
noun  
 
OF WORKERS
1. a period of time when an organized group of employees of a company stops working because of a disagreement over pay or conditions
the train drivers' strike
a strike by teachers
an unofficial/a one-day strike
Air traffic controllers are threatening to come out on/go on strike.
Half the workforce are now (out) on strike.
The train drivers have voted to take strike action.
The student union has called for a rent strike (= a refusal to pay rent as a protest).
see also general strike, ↑hunger strike  
 
ATTACK
2. a military attack, especially by aircraft dropping bombs
an air strike
They decided to launch a pre-emptive strike.  
 
HITTING/KICKING
3. usually singular an act of hitting or kicking sth/sb
His spectacular strike in the second half made the score 2–0.
see also bird strike, ↑lightning  
 
IN BASEBALL
4. an unsuccessful attempt to hit the ball  
 
IN BOWLING
5. a situation in ↑tenpin bowling when a player knocks down all the pins with the first ball  
 
DISCOVERY OF OIL
6. usually singular a sudden discovery of sth valuable, especially oil  
 
BAD THING/ACTION
7. (NAmE)~ (against sb/sth) a bad thing or action that damages sb/sth's reputation
The amount of fuel that this car uses is a big strike against it.

Word Origin:
Old English strīcan ‘go, flow’ and ‘rub lightly’, of West Germanic origin; related to German streichen ‘to stroke’, also to ↑stroke. The sense ‘deliver a blow’ dates from Middle English.

Thesaurus:
strike noun C
Devastating air strikes took place.
attack • • raid • • assault • • offensive
a/an strike/attack/raid/assault/offensive against sb/sth
a/an strike/attack/assault/offensive on sb/sth
plan/launch a/an strike/attack/raid/assault/offensive

Example Bank:
A general strike brought the country to a standstill.
Both unions have pledged to ballot for strike action unless hours are cut.
He called all the workers out on strike.
Miners staged a one-day strike in support of the steel workers.
More train strikes are threatened.
Prison officers are threatening to take strike action.
The New York transit strike is in its second day.
The aircraft carried out a pre-emptive strike against bases in the north.
The army was used to help break the strike.
The house was damaged in an air strike.
The new government banned strikes.
The shipyard voted to launch a sympathy strike in support of the machinists.
The strike paralysed the port.
The strike soon spread to other cities.
The suppression of the strike led to sympathy strikes in other industries.
The union leaders called a strike.
There was a continual police presence during the strike.
Unofficial action accounted for 40% of the days lost through strikes last year.
a series of lightning strikes in parts of the coal industry
a strike against poor conditions
a strike against the employment of non-union labour
a strike by air traffic controllers
a strike by tax collectors
a strike for a ten-hour day
a strike in protest at the government's economic policies
a strike over pay
The effects of the air strikes had been devastating.
They launched a pre-emptive strike.

 
See also:strike somebody from something

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