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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
gauge



I - noun
1. a measuring instrument for measuring and indicating a quantity such as the thickness of wire or the amount of rain etc. (Freq. 1)
Syn:
gage
Hypernyms:
measuring instrument, measuring system, measuring device
Hyponyms:
anemometer, wind gauge, wind gage, depth gauge, depth gage,
dipstick, gasoline gauge, gasoline gage, gas gauge, gas gage, petrol gauge,
petrol gage, pressure gauge, pressure gage, rain gauge, rain gage, pluviometer,
udometer, strain gauge, strain gage, surface gauge, surface gage, scribing block,
scribing block, vacuum gage, water gauge, water gage, water glass,
wire gauge, wire gage
2. accepted or approved instance or example of a quantity or quality against which others are judged or measured or compared
Syn:
standard of measurement
Hypernyms:
standard, criterion, measure, touchstone
3. the distance between the rails of a railway or between the wheels of a train
Hypernyms:
distance, length
Hyponyms:
broad gauge, narrow gauge, standard gauge
4. the thickness of wire
Hypernyms:
thickness
5. diameter of a tube or gun barrel
Syn:
bore, caliber, calibre
Derivationally related forms:
calibrate (for: caliber), bore (for: bore)
Hypernyms:
diameter, diam

II - verb
1. judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time) (Freq. 2)
- I estimate this chicken to weigh three pounds
Syn:
estimate, approximate, guess, judge
See Also:
overestimate (for: estimate), underestimate (for: estimate)
Derivationally related forms:
judge (for: judge), judgment (for: judge), judging (for: judge), guess (for: guess), guesser (for: guess), approximative (for: approximate), estimate (for: estimate), estimation (for: estimate)
Hypernyms:
calculate, cipher, cypher, compute, work out,
reckon, figure
Hyponyms:
quantize, quantise, misgauge, place, put,
set, give, lowball, underestimate, assess, make,
reckon, count, truncate, guesstimate
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s PP
- Somebody ----s that CLAUSE
2. rub to a uniform size
- gauge bricks
Hypernyms:
rub
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
3. determine the capacity, volume, or contents of by measurement and calculation
- gauge the wine barrels
Hypernyms:
determine, find, find out, ascertain
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
4. measure precisely and against a standard
- the wire is gauged
Hypernyms:
quantify, measure
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
5. adapt to a specified measurement
- gauge the instruments
Hypernyms:
standardize, standardise
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
6. mix in specific proportions
- gauge plaster
Hypernyms:
blend, flux, mix, conflate, commingle,
immix, fuse, coalesce, meld, combine, merge
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something

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