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hold



I - noun
1. the act of grasping (Freq. 5)
- he released his clasp on my arm
- he has a strong grip for an old man
- she kept a firm hold on the railing
Syn:
clasp, clench, clutch, clutches, grasp, grip
Derivationally related forms:
grip (for: grip), grasp (for: grasp), clutch (for: clutch), clench (for: clench), clasp (for: clasp)
Hypernyms:
grasping, taking hold, seizing, prehension
Hyponyms:
chokehold, choke hold, embrace, embracing, embracement, wrestling hold
2. understanding of the nature or meaning or quality or magnitude of something (Freq. 2)
- he has a good grasp of accounting practices
Syn:
appreciation, grasp
Derivationally related forms:
grasp (for: grasp)
Hypernyms:
understanding, apprehension, discernment, savvy
Hyponyms:
sense
3. power by which something or someone is affected or dominated (Freq. 2)
- he has a hold over them
Hypernyms:
control
4. a state of being confined (usually for a short time)
- his detention was politically motivated
- the prisoner is on hold
- he is in the custody of police
Syn:
detention, detainment, custody
Derivationally related forms:
detain (for: detention)
Hypernyms:
confinement
5. the space in a ship or aircraft for storing cargo
Syn:
cargo area, cargo deck, cargo hold, storage area
Hypernyms:
enclosure
Part Holonyms:
ship
6. the appendage to an object that is designed to be held in order to use or move it
- he grabbed the hammer by the handle
- it was an old briefcase but it still had a good grip
Syn:
handle, grip, handgrip
Derivationally related forms:
grip (for: grip), handle (for: handle)
Hypernyms:
appendage
Hyponyms:
ax handle, axe handle, broomstick, broom handle, crop,
haft, helve, hilt, hoe handle, knob, mop handle,
panhandle, pommel, saddlebow, rake handle, stock, gunstock
Part Holonyms:
edge tool, hand tool, umbrella, baggage, luggage,
cutlery, eating utensil, brush, briefcase, handbarrow, handcart,
pushcart, cart, go-cart, baseball bat, lumber, cricket bat,
bat, racket, racquet, ladle, saucepan, frying pan,
frypan, skillet, spatula, carpet beater, rug beater, cheese cutter,
coffeepot, coffee cup, teacup, mug, watering can, watering pot,
carrycot, faucet, spigot, handlebar, handset, French telephone,
aspergill, aspersorium
Part Meronyms:
shank, stem
7. time during which some action is awaited
- instant replay caused too long a delay
- he ordered a hold in the action
Syn:
delay, time lag, postponement, wait
Derivationally related forms:
wait (for: wait), delay (for: delay)
Hypernyms:
pause, intermission, break, interruption, suspension
Hyponyms:
extension, moratorium, retardation
8. a stronghold
Usage Domain:
archaism, archaicism
Hypernyms:
stronghold, fastness
9. a cell in a jail or prison
Syn:
keep
Derivationally related forms:
keep (for: keep)
Hypernyms:
cell, jail cell, prison cell

II - verb
1. keep in a certain state, position, or activity;
e.g., "keep clean" (Freq. 79)
- hold in place
- She always held herself as a lady
- The students keep me on my toes
Syn:
keep, maintain
See Also:
hold back, hold out, hold over, hold up, keep in (for: keep), keep out (for: keep), keep off (for: keep), keep up (for: keep), keep down (for: keep), keep apart (for: keep)
Derivationally related forms:
maintainable (for: maintain), maintainer (for: maintain)
Hyponyms:
pressurize, pressurise, continue, uphold, carry on,
bear on, preserve, hold over, conserve, distance, housekeep
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s something Adjective/Noun
- Somebody ----s somebody PP
- Somebody ----s something PP
2. have or hold in one's hands or grip (Freq. 65)
- Hold this bowl for a moment, please
- A crazy idea took hold of him
Syn:
take hold
Ant:
let go of
Hyponyms:
grasp, hold on, cling to, hold close, hold tight,
hold tight, cradle, clinch, lock, interlock,
interlace, trap
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
- Somebody ----s (for: take hold)
- Something is ----ing PP (for: take hold)
- Somebody ----s PP (for: take hold)
- They want to hold the prisoners
3. organize or be responsible for (Freq. 62)
- hold a reception
- have, throw, or make a party
- give a course
Syn:
throw, have, make, give
Hypernyms:
direct
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
4. have or possess, either in a concrete or an abstract sense (Freq. 26)
- She has $1,000 in the bank
- He has got two beautiful daughters
- She holds a Master's degree from Harvard
Syn:
have, have got
Derivationally related forms:
holding, have (for: have)
Hyponyms:
sustain, keep, maintain, hold on, monopolize,
monopolize, wield, exert, stock, carry,
stockpile, bear
Verb Group:
have, feature
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
5. keep in mind or convey as a conviction or view (Freq. 20)
- take for granted
- view as important
- hold these truths to be self-evident
- I hold him personally responsible
Syn:
deem, view as, take for
Hypernyms:
see, consider, reckon, view, regard
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s something Adjective/Noun
- Somebody ----s somebody something
- Somebody ----s that CLAUSE
6. maintain (a theory, thoughts, or feelings) (Freq. 17)
- bear a grudge
- entertain interesting notions
- harbor a resentment
Syn:
harbor, harbour, entertain, nurse
Hypernyms:
feel, experience
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
7. to close within bounds, limit or hold back from movement (Freq. 17)
- This holds the local until the express passengers change trains
- About a dozen animals were held inside the stockade
- The illegal immigrants were held at a detention center
- The terrorists held the journalists for ransom
Syn:
restrain, confine
Derivationally related forms:
restrainer (for: restrain), restraint (for: restrain)
Hypernyms:
disable, disenable, incapacitate
Hyponyms:
tie down, tie up, bind, truss, fetter,
shackle, enchain, pinion, impound, pound, pound up,
pen up, fold, ground
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
8. secure and keep for possible future use or application (Freq. 14)
- The landlord retained the security deposit
- I reserve the right to disagree
Syn:
retain, keep back, hold back
Derivationally related forms:
holding, retention (for: retain)
Hypernyms:
keep, hold on
Hyponyms:
hold down
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- They hold the money
9. have rightfully;
of rights, titles, and offices (Freq. 9)
- She bears the title of Duchess
- He held the governorship for almost a decade
Syn:
bear
Derivationally related forms:
holder, bearer (for: bear)
Hypernyms:
have, have got
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
10. be the physical support of;
carry the weight of (Freq. 9)
- The beam holds up the roof
- He supported me with one hand while I balanced on the beam
- What's holding that mirror?
Syn:
support, sustain, hold up
Derivationally related forms:
support (for: support), supporter (for: support), supporting (for: support), holder
Hyponyms:
scaffold, block, carry, chock, buoy,
buoy up, pole, bracket, underpin, prop up, prop,
shore up, shore, truss, brace
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
11. contain or hold;
have within (Freq. 7)
- The jar carries wine
- The canteen holds fresh water
- This can contains water
Syn:
bear, carry, contain
Derivationally related forms:
continent (for: contain), content (for: contain), container (for: contain), carry (for: carry)
Hypernyms:
include
Hyponyms:
retain, enclose, hold in, confine
Verb Group:
contain, take
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s something
- They hold the animals
12. have room for;
hold without crowding (Freq. 3)
- This hotel can accommodate 250 guests
- The theater admits 300 people
- The auditorium can't hold more than 500 people
Syn:
accommodate, admit
Derivationally related forms:
admittible (for: admit)
Hyponyms:
sleep, house, seat
Verb Group:
contain, take
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
13. remain in a certain state, position, or condition (Freq. 3)
- The weather held
- They held on the road and kept marching
Hypernyms:
continue, go on, proceed, go along, keep
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s PP
14. support or hold in a certain manner (Freq. 3)
- She holds her head high
- He carried himself upright
Syn:
carry, bear
Derivationally related forms:
bearing (for: bear), carriage (for: carry), carry (for: carry)
Hyponyms:
sling, stoop, piggyback, poise, balance,
balance, acquit, bear, deport, conduct,
comport, carry
Verb Group:
bear (for: bear)
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
15. be valid, applicable, or true (Freq. 2)
- This theory still holds
Syn:
prevail, obtain
Hypernyms:
exist, be
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
16. assert or affirm (Freq. 2)
- Rousseau's philosophy holds that people are inherently good
Hypernyms:
affirm, verify, assert, avow, aver,
swan, swear
Verb Group:
deem, view as, take for
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s that CLAUSE
- They hold that there was a traffic accident
17. have as a major characteristic (Freq. 1)
- The novel holds many surprises
- The book holds in store much valuable advise
Hypernyms:
be
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s something
18. bind by an obligation;
cause to be indebted (Freq. 1)
- He's held by a contract
- I'll hold you by your promise
Syn:
oblige, bind, obligate
Derivationally related forms:
obligation (for: obligate), bind (for: bind), obligation (for: oblige)
Hypernyms:
relate
Hyponyms:
pledge, article, indenture, indent, tie down
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Somebody ----s somebody to INFINITIVE
19. protect against a challenge or attack (Freq. 1)
- Hold that position behind the trees!
- Hold the bridge against the enemy's attacks
Syn:
defend, guard
Derivationally related forms:
defensible (for: defend), defensive (for: defend), defender (for: defend), defence (for: defend)
Hypernyms:
protect
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
20. be capable of holding or containing (Freq. 1)
- This box won't take all the items
- The flask holds one gallon
Syn:
contain, take
Hypernyms:
be
Verb Group:
accommodate, admit, bear, carry, contain
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s something
21. arrange for and reserve (something for someone else) in advance (Freq. 1)
- reserve me a seat on a flight
- The agent booked tickets to the show for the whole family
- please hold a table at Maxim's
Syn:
reserve, book
Derivationally related forms:
bookable (for: book), booking (for: book), reservation (for: reserve)
Hypernyms:
request, bespeak, call for, quest
Hyponyms:
keep open, hold open, keep, save
Verb Group:
reserve
Entailment:
procure, secure
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
22. hold the attention of (Freq. 1)
- The soprano held the audience
- This story held our interest
- She can hold an audience spellbound
Hypernyms:
capture, enamour, trance, catch, becharm,
enamor, captivate, beguile, charm, fascinate, bewitch,
entrance, enchant
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
23. remain committed to (Freq. 1)
- I hold to these ideas
Hypernyms:
think, believe, consider, conceive
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s PP
24. stop dealing with
- hold all calls to the President's office while he is in a meeting
Hypernyms:
postpone, prorogue, hold over, put over, table,
shelve, set back, defer, remit, put off
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s something
25. keep from departing
- Hold the taxi
- Hold the horse
Hypernyms:
prevent, keep
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
26. take and maintain control over, often by violent means
- The dissatisfied students held the President's office for almost a week
Hypernyms:
control, command
Verb Group:
defend, guard
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
27. cover as for protection against noise or smell
- She held her ears when the jackhammer started to operate
- hold one's nose
Hypernyms:
cover
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
28. drink alcohol without showing ill effects
- He can hold his liquor
- he had drunk more than he could carry
Syn:
carry
Hypernyms:
drink, booze, fuddle
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
29. declare to be
- She was declared incompetent
- judge held that the defendant was innocent
Syn:
declare, adjudge
Derivationally related forms:
declarative (for: declare)
Hypernyms:
evaluate, pass judgment, judge
Hyponyms:
admit, acknowledge, superannuate, bastardize, bastardise,
certify, call, beatify, canonize, canonise, saint,
saint, label, judge, cancel, strike down,
formalize, formalise
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s something Adjective/Noun
- Somebody ----s somebody something
30. be in accord;
be in agreement
- We agreed on the terms of the settlement
- I can't agree with you!
- I hold with those who say life is sacred
- Both philosophers concord on this point
Syn:
agree, concur, concord
Ant:
disagree (for: agree)
Derivationally related forms:
concord (for: concord), concordance (for: concord), concurrence (for: concur), agreeable (for: agree), agreement (for: agree)
Hyponyms:
settle, reconcile, patch up, make up, conciliate,
see eye to eye, concede, yield, grant, subscribe, support,
conclude, resolve, arrange, fix up
Verb Group:
agree
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s on something
- Somebody ----s that CLAUSE
- Somebody ----s to INFINITIVE
31. be pertinent or relevant or applicable
- The same laws apply to you!
- This theory holds for all irrational numbers
- The same rules go for everyone
Syn:
apply, go for
Derivationally related forms:
applicative (for: apply), applicable (for: apply)
Hypernyms:
refer, pertain, relate, concern, come to,
bear on, touch, touch on, have-to doe with
Verb Group:
lend oneself, apply
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Something is ----ing PP
- Something ----s somebody (for: go for)
- Something ----s something (for: go for)
32. cause to stop
- Halt the engines
- Arrest the progress
- halt the presses
Syn:
halt, arrest
Derivationally related forms:
arrester (for: arrest), halt (for: halt)
Hypernyms:
stop
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
- They hold the animals
33. resist or confront with resistance
- The politician defied public opinion
- The new material withstands even the greatest wear and tear
- The bridge held
Syn:
defy, withstand, hold up
Derivationally related forms:
withstander (for: withstand), defiant (for: defy)
Hypernyms:
resist, hold out, withstand, stand firm
Hyponyms:
weather, endure, brave, brave out
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
34. lessen the intensity of;
temper;
hold in restraint;
hold or keep within limits
- moderate your alcohol intake
- hold your tongue
- hold your temper
- control your anger
Syn:
control, hold in, contain, check, curb, moderate
Derivationally related forms:
moderation (for: moderate), curb (for: curb), check (for: check), control (for: control)
Hypernyms:
restrain, keep, keep back, hold back
Hyponyms:
restrict, restrain, trammel, limit, bound,
confine, throttle, suppress, stamp down, inhibit, subdue,
conquer, curb, damp, mortify, crucify, deny,
deny, train, catch, bate, thermostat,
countercheck, counteract
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
35. aim, point, or direct
- Hold the fire extinguisher directly on the flames
Hypernyms:
aim, take, train, take aim, direct
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody PP
36. keep from exhaling or expelling
- hold your breath
Hypernyms:
restrain, keep, keep back, hold back
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something

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