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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
advance



I - noun
1. a movement forward (Freq. 7)
- he listened for the progress of the troops
Syn:
progress, progression
Derivationally related forms:
progress (for: progress)
Hypernyms:
change of location, travel
Hyponyms:
headway, head
2. a change for the better;
progress in development (Freq. 6)
Syn:
improvement, betterment
Derivationally related forms:
better (for: betterment), improve (for: improvement)
Hypernyms:
transformation, transmutation, shift
Hyponyms:
revival, resurgence, revitalization, revitalisation, revivification,
refinement, elaboration, adjustment, accommodation, fitting, conservation,
preservation, recovery
3. a tentative suggestion designed to elicit the reactions of others (Freq. 1)
- she rejected his advances
Syn:
overture, approach, feeler
Derivationally related forms:
approach (for: approach)
Hypernyms:
suggestion, proposition, proffer
4. the act of moving forward (as toward a goal) (Freq. 1)
Syn:
progress, progression, procession, advancement, forward motion, onward motion
Ant:
retreat
Derivationally related forms:
advance (for: advancement), proceed (for: procession), progress (for: progression), progress (for: progress)
Hypernyms:
motion, movement, move
Hyponyms:
push, career, life history, march, plain sailing,
clear sailing, easy going, leapfrog
5. an amount paid before it is earned
Syn:
cash advance
Hypernyms:
sum, sum of money, amount, amount of money
6. increase in price or value
- the news caused a general advance on the stock market
Syn:
rise
Derivationally related forms:
rise (for: rise)
Hypernyms:
increase, step-up

II - verb
1. move forward, also in the metaphorical sense (Freq. 7)
- Time marches on
Syn:
progress, pass on, move on, march on, go on
Ant:
recede
Derivationally related forms:
progress (for: progress), progression (for: progress), advancement, advancer
Hypernyms:
travel, go, move, locomote
Hyponyms:
forge, penetrate, creep up, sneak up, encroach,
infringe, impinge, press on, push on, plough on, string,
string along, pass, overtake, overhaul, close in, draw in,
edge, inch, ratchet, rachet up, ratchet down, elapse,
elapse, slip by, glide by, slip away, go by,
slide by, go along
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
- The water advances
2. bring forward for consideration or acceptance (Freq. 6)
- advance an argument
Syn:
throw out
Hypernyms:
propose, suggest, advise
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
3. increase or raise (Freq. 5)
- boost the voltage in an electrical circuit
Syn:
boost, supercharge
Hypernyms:
increase
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
4. contribute to the progress or growth of (Freq. 4)
- I am promoting the use of computers in the classroom
Syn:
promote, boost, further, encourage
Derivationally related forms:
encouragement (for: encourage), furtherance (for: further), booster (for: boost), boost (for: boost), promotive (for: promote), promotion (for: promote)
Hypernyms:
support, back up
Hyponyms:
connive at, wink at, foster, further, spur,
help, carry, feed, contribute, lead, conduce
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
5. cause to move forward (Freq. 4)
- Can you move the car seat forward?
Syn:
bring forward
Ant:
back
Derivationally related forms:
advancement
Hypernyms:
move, displace
Hyponyms:
nose
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
6. obtain advantages, such as points, etc. (Freq. 3)
- The home team was gaining ground
- After defeating the Knicks, the Blazers pulled ahead of the Lakers in the battle for the number-one playoff berth in the Western Conference
Syn:
gain, win, pull ahead, make headway, get ahead, gain ground
Ant:
fall back (for: gain)
Derivationally related forms:
win (for: win), gainer (for: gain)
Hyponyms:
steal, score, hit, tally, rack up
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
7. develop in a positive way (Freq. 2)
- He progressed well in school
- My plants are coming along
- Plans are shaping up
Syn:
progress, come on, come along, get on, get along, shape up
Ant:
regress (for: progress)
Derivationally related forms:
progress (for: progress)
Hypernyms:
develop
Hyponyms:
climb, leapfrog
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
8. develop further (Freq. 1)
- We are advancing technology every day
Derivationally related forms:
advancement
Hypernyms:
better, improve, amend, ameliorate, meliorate
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
9. give a promotion to or assign to a higher position
- John was kicked upstairs when a replacement was hired
- Women tend not to advance in the major law firms
- I got promoted after many years of hard work
Syn:
promote, upgrade, kick upstairs, raise, elevate
Ant:
demote (for: promote)
Derivationally related forms:
elevation (for: elevate), advancement, promotion (for: promote)
Hypernyms:
delegate, designate, depute, assign
Hyponyms:
tenure, bring up, spot promote, ennoble, gentle,
entitle, prefer, favor, favour, brevet
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
10. pay in advance
- Can you advance me some money?
Hypernyms:
lend, loan
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody something
- Somebody ----s something to somebody
- They advance the money to them
- They advance them the money
11. move forward
- we have to advance clocks and watches when we travel eastward
Syn:
set ahead
Hypernyms:
set
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
12. rise in rate or price
- The stock market gained 24 points today
Syn:
gain
Hypernyms:
wax, mount, climb, rise
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Something ----s something
- The stock market is going to advance

III - adjective
1. being ahead of time or need
- gave advance warning
- was beforehand with her report
Syn:
beforehand
Similar to:
early
2. situated ahead or going before
- an advance party
- at that time the most advanced outpost was still east of the Rockies
Syn:
advanced, in advance
Similar to:
front

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